Investigating the role of formal accountants ethics in social responsibility of companies based on the theory of political economy

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D .Student, Department of Accounting, Najafabad Branch, Najafabad, Iran

2 Ph.D .in Accounting Department of Accounting, Najafabad branch, Islamic Azad Univercity, Najafabad, Iran

Abstract

According to the theory of political economy, the focus of corporate executives should not be solely based on organizational interests and equity. Instead, they must be part of a moral affair in order to ensure the well-being, comfort, needs and interests of other sectors of society. Therefore, management decisions should not lead to damages, losses and harm to society and its people. The development of this framework is rooted in ethics in accounting. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of accounting ethics on corporate social responsibility. The statistical population of this research is the official accountants in 2017, which according to the official account community of 2377, and the sample size based on the Cochran formula was determined from 331 individuals who were asked to receive 350 questionnaires in a healthy way and 337 questionnaires Healthy was received. 337 questionnaires were analyzed. Paired t-test and ANOVA were used to analyze the data using SPSS software version 22. Research evidence suggests that formal professional accountants, honesty and integrity, professional performance, independence and neutrality and the confidentiality of formal accountants increase corporate social responsibility. From other research results, it can be said that individuals with different characteristics have the same viewpoints as expressed. So, finally, it can be said that, with respect to ethics among official accountants, corporate social responsibility improves.

Keywords


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